The Parent’s 20 Minute Guide – the20minuteguide.com
CMC’s Website – motivationandchange.com
Beyond Addiction (the book) – the website is coming soon. Until then, use: http://the20minuteguide.com/cmc/beyond-addiction/
Josh King, Psy.D. from the Center for Motivation and Change based in NY will talk about evidence-based treatment, what we can do to be more informed in our choices and about CRAFT for families that are suffering from addiction. Community Reinforcement and Family Training (CRAFT)
Using the core strategies in CRA (Community Reinforcement Approach) Drs. Robert J. Meyers and Jane Ellen Smith of the University of New Mexico developed a program that teaches families how to positively impact a loved one who is struggling with a substance use problem. The CRAFT program avoids both detachment and confrontation, the respective strategies of Al-Anon ( a Twelve Step-based self-help approach), and traditional (Johnson Institute-style) interventions. While all three approaches have been found to improve family members’ functioning and relationship satisfaction, CRAFT has proven to be significantly more effective in engaging loved ones in comparison to the Johnson Institute Intervention or Al-Anon/Nar-Anon facilitation therapy.
Community Reinforcement and Family Training (CRAFT) teaches family and friends effective strategies for helping their loved one to change and for feeling better themselves. CRAFT works to affect the loved one’s behavior by changing the way the family interacts with him or her. It is designed to accomplish three goals:
1. When a loved one is abusing substances and refusing to get help, CRAFT helps families move their loved one toward treatment.
2. On its own, CRAFT helps reduce the loved one’s alcohol and drug use, whether or not the loved one has engaged in treatment yet.
3. CRAFT improves the lives of the concerned family and friends.
CRAFT is a skills-based program that impacts families in multiple areas of their lives, including self-care, pleasurable activities, problem solving, and goal setting. At the same time, CRAFT addresses their loved one’s resistance to change. CRAFT teaches families behavioral and motivational strategies for interacting with their loved one. Participants learn, for example, the power of positive reinforcement for positive behavior (and of withdrawing it for unwanted behavior), and how to use positive communication skills to improve interactions and maximize their influence.
Specifically, CRAFT teaches several skills, including:
Understanding a loved one’s triggers to use substances
Positive communication strategies
Positive reinforcement strategies — rewarding non-using behavior
Domestic violence precautions
Getting a loved one to accept help
In multiple studies, across a range of substances and settings, CRAFT engaged on average 7 out of 10 reluctant loved ones into treatment.
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